An amendment to the California Surplus Lands Act that went into effect in January 2020 brought long-term leasing and land sales at Alameda Point to a screeching halt for two years. The new law mandated that no government-owned land could be sold, or leased for more than a year, without first offering the land to affordable housing providers on a state clearinghouse. After the city listed six initial sites on the clearinghouse, the process ended in January 2022 without yielding one single unit of additional housing of any type.
In an effort to remedy the flawed law, Assembly Member Mia Bonta has introduced legislation to exempt Alameda Point from the process, citing the agreement with the Navy to follow the community base reuse plan. Under the current process, it forces Alameda to entertain ad hoc changes, such as offering to place housing in job-generating commercial zones. The Community Reuse Plan for Alameda Point adopted in 1996 spells out the types of uses for all of the areas, and the Navy has been conducting environmental cleanup based on those agreed-upon uses.
The current law was touted as a way of getting unused government-owned land into the hands of affordable housing developers. Exemptions are allowed, but the bill’s language is vague as to whether Alameda’s binding agreement with the Navy for redevelopment of the base takes precedence and qualifies as an exemption.
In order to move forward, and out of an abundance of caution to avoid potential penalties from the state, or lawsuits, the city listed six sites on the state’s clearinghouse in late October 2021. The sites are considered priorities for pending leasing and development deals.
“We received no responses to our solicitation and will be moving forward with disposition of the properties either through sale or lease,” said Nanette Mocanu, Assistant Director of Base Reuse & Community Development.
Without the amendment introduced by Bonta, Alameda will continue wasting time and money on the absurd exercise of listing surplus Navy property on a state clearinghouse meant for other types of state, county, and local government property. The catalogue of recently listed properties is an embarrassing case study in the failed overreach of the law into military base redevelopment.
One of the listed sites encompasses an already-existing residential neighborhood where the Big Whites and ranch-style homes are being rented, and other houses and apartment buildings are providing housing for formerly homeless individuals and families via the Alameda Point Collaborative. The city already approved a framework for upgrading this area of the Main Street Neighborhood.
The other five sites have long been planned for commercial job-generating development, not housing. Two of them are former aircraft hangars, one is the former Air Traffic Control Tower, one is a single-story wood frame building being eyed for expansion of the next door brewery and currently used by the Food Bank and Red Cross, and one is a two-block area zoned for commercial and light industrial that includes Astra’s indoor rocket testing facility.
One of the hangars is Building 25 on Monarch Street that sits adjacent to the VA wetland and will tower over the planned De-Pave Park wetland when completed. The 55-foot-tall building currently houses two wine makers and a beverage distributer. The city council approved a lease proposal for a brewery in a vacant bay, but this proposal could not move forward due to the new law requiring that the whole building be offered to a housing provider.
Neither Building 25 nor the nearby Air Traffic Control Tower building have ever been considered for housing due to their proximity to the endangered Least Tern nesting site on VA property.
Beyond the particular site location issues, two other factors probably contributed heavily to the lack of interest among housing providers. One hurdle is the $100,000 surcharge that will be due to the Navy for any market-rate units over the baseline number of units allowed under the Navy’s No-Cost Economic Conveyance. The city’s cover letter stated, “The City is already in the disposition and development process for the remainder of the market rate units permitted at Alameda Point without paying the fee.” It also pointed out that buyers would have to pay a fee to the city for backbone infrastructure up to the curb in the amount of $1.89 million per acre. “Projects will likely require additional horizontal improvements such as sidewalks, utility lateral connections, demolition, grading, etc.”
Assembly Bill No. 2319, introduced by Bonta on February 16, would provide an unambiguous exemption from the Surplus Lands Act for Alameda Point. It would create a special statute just for the City of Alameda “due to contracts between the City of Alameda and the United States government for the conveyance of the Alameda Point property,” reads the bill. It is expected to be heard in committee in March.
“I’m hoping this new legislation will be our fix,” said Mocanu. “Other than that, we’re marching forward with the state process.”
” Impact of Recent Changes to the Surplus Land Act “ by the League of California Cities, September 23, 2021.
Excerpt: “As part of the base closure and land conveyance process, properties at former military bases are required to be offered to homeless providers first before property is conveyed to the local jurisdiction. So, for most closed bases, a process similar to the Act’s requirements has already occurred, and many bases contain a significant number of sites devoted to homeless and affordable housing. “
Track Mia Bonta’s bill here.
Excerpt from AB 2319 summary: “Existing law categorizes as “exempt surplus land” surplus land that a local agency is transferring to another local, state, or federal agency for the agency’s use. This bill would add to the definition of “exempt surplus land,” land that is a former military base conveyed by the federal government to a local agency, is subject to certain provisions governing the Alameda Naval Air Station and the Fleet Industrial Supply Center, and meets other specified conditions.”